Colon cancer and sessile polyps or pedunculated polyps go hand in hand, as the development of polyps can easily lead to the development of colorectal cancers. Colon cancer is said to be any type of cancer that forms in the tissues of the large intestine, also referred to as the colon, while rectal cancer forms in the rectum. These two types of cancers are often referred to and checked for together and are called colorectal cancers. These cancers are almost always adenocarcinomas, meaning that theybegin in the cells that make and then release mucous and other types of bodily fluids. Colon cancer is very common in the United States, and regular screenings for the disease should begin at the age of 50 or possibly early if one has a predisposition toward the disease or certain risk factors for it.
Colon cancer symptoms can be tricky, because they often do not develop at all or do not develop until after the cancer has progressed dangerously. This is why regular screenings for colorectal cancer, especially after the age of 50 or if one has a personal or family history of colon cancer or colon problems, are so important. Colon cancer signs that some individuals have reported include fatigue or generalized weakness; getting short of breath easily; experiencing changes in one’s bowel habits such as narrow stools, diarrhea, constipation, bloody stools; sudden weight loss; generalized pain in the stomach; cramping of the stomach; and bloating of the stomach. If one experiences any of these symptoms, he or she should visit a doctor immediately. Even if colon cancer is not the problem, colon cancer symptoms often imitate those of irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, diverticulosis, peptic ulcer disease, and other health issues, so it is important to find out the cause of these issues.
Chemotherapy, radiaton, therapy, or removal, if possible, of any malignant polyps or other growths are the only treatment available for colon cancer treatment. Polyps are growths that occur in the colon or in the rectum, and they may be malignant or benign. Either way, it is best if they are detected and removed early on, as polyps that start out as benign can become malignant. Pedunculated polyps are those polyps that are attached to the intestinal or rectal wall by a stalk, while sessile polyps do not have a stalk. Both types of polyps are potentially dangerous.
While there is no one cause for developing colon cancer, there are certain risk factors one should be aware of. Diets that are high in fat, the existence of sessile or pedunculated polyps in the colon, having ulcerative colitis, having a familly history of colon cancer, having a personal history of colon cancer or polyps, being a smoker, being obese, or being fifty years of age or older are all risk factors for colon cancer. If one has any of these factors, he or she should tell a doctor immediately in order to begin regular colon cancer screenings. Catching colon cancer and sessile polyp development early on is key in treating the disease.